संजय उवाच

तं तथा कृपयाविष्टमश्रुपूर्णाकुलेक्षणम्‌ ।

विषीदन्तमिदं वाक्यमुवाच मधुसूदनः मधुसूदनः ॥

भावार्थ : 

संजय ने कहा - इस प्रकार करुणा से अभिभूत, आँसुओं से भरे हुए व्याकुल नेत्रों वाले, शोकग्रस्त अर्जुन को देखकर मधुसूदन श्रीकृष्ण ने यह शब्द कहे॥ २॥


To him who was possessed with grief and pity, and having tear-filled, confused eyes, Madhusoodana spoke these words.


Sanjaya opens this chapter painting a vivid portrait of Arjuna's state: the world's mightiest warrior struck by grief and actually crying. The poetic phrase "confused eyes" probably alludes to Arjuna not being able to see right from wrong i.e. his viveka was suppressed.

Moreover, this state has affected Arjuna's entire personality - physically because he had tears, emotionally because he was struck with grief and pity, and intellectually because he was confused about what to do and what not to do.

Shri Krishna is referred again here as Madhusoodana. This name can be interpreted a couple of ways. In the Puraanas, Lord Vishnu assumed the form of Hayagriva to kill the demon Madhu, hence he is known as Madhusoodana. This means that Sanjaya, through his divine vision, knew that Shri Krishna was connected to Lord Vishnu. Another interpretation of the name Madhusoodana is one who slays honey. Honey is a metaphor for the ego, which can be extremely sweet for someone who does not know all the nefarious things that it is capable of.